U.S. Presidential Unit Citations: the Canadian Heroes

The Americans have developed a unique way of honouring heroism in war.

It’s in recognition of exception bravery bestowed not to an individual, but to an entire unit. It’s called the “Presidential Unit Citation.” You’d scarcely notice it … it’s a blue flash about the size of your little finger, worn on the right shoulder. It’s small, but represents great deeds. An American battle honour, that’s been won by Canadians.

Presidential Unit Citation flash

Presidential Unit Citation flash

Established right after Pearl Harbor, it’s been won by American units that fought in some of the worst fighting in their country’s history:  Guadalcanal, Okinawa, Normandy, Battle of the Bulge. And on it goes …

To qualify: ”The unit must display such gallantry, determination and esprit de corps in accomplishing its mission under extremely difficult and hazardous conditions as to set it apart and above other units participating in the same campaign.”

The Presidential Unit Citation stands out because it’s awarded to formations … often battalions … and on occasion to non-American units who fight alongside US forces. The units carry the honour as long as they exist. No other country does this as far as I can determine.

For example in the Second World War, two units of the Free French resistance were cited. In the Korean War, among those receiving Presidential  Citations were troops from Britain, Begium, France, and Turkey. A Dutch unit, the Regiment Van Heutsz, actually was given the honour TWICE. Those fighting in the unit at the time of the battle may wear the decoration permanently, no matter where they subsequently serve. New recruits — like those enlisting this afternoon, for example, can wear the flash as long as they are in that battalion.

Sixty three years ago this week, a Canadian unit won a Presidential Citation: the 2nd Battalion, Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry. About 700 strong (all volunteers) surrounded and cut off, they fought off thousands of Chinese at a place called Kapyong, preventing the capture of Seoul. (Two other units were also honored at Kapyong: the 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment and an American unit, A Company, 72nd Heavy Tank Battalion.)

2PPCLI about the time of Kapyong (Photo by Hub Gray)

2PPCLI about the time of Kapyong (Photo by Hub Gray)

In a exquisite  example of bone-headed pedantry, citing reasons of protocol, Ottawa refused to allow 2PPCLI to accept the citation. Five years went by before the government finally backed down and the Patricias were formally presented with their citation by the US ambassador in a ceremony in Calgary.

Citation Presented by US Ambassador

Citation Presented by US Ambassador

2PPCLI still exists, now based in Shilo, Manitoba and its members still wear that blue shoulder flash awarded six decades ago. 2PPCLI will wear it as long as 2PPCLI exists.

It’s often claimed this is the only time Canadian soldiers received a Presidential citation. Not so. Eight years ago, JTF2 — Canada’s super-secret, anti-terrorism commando force — was quietly (almost secretly) awarded a Presidential Citation by George W. Bush. The men were part of a multi-national unit called Joint Special Operations Task Force South for it’s fighting in Afghanistan. What battles, exactly? Don’t ask. No press were allowed at the ceremony and no details were ever made available on what the soldiers  actually did there.

But the next time you spot a Canadian soldier with a little blue flash on the right shoulder, you’ll know you’re in the company of a lot of history.

2ppcli flash

And if you spot someone now in their 80s with a blue flash on his blazer pocket, you’ll know he was up to something remarkable on one cold, perilous night on a Korean hill 63 years ago this week.


About Dan Bjarnason

Dan Bjarnason is the author of "Triumph at Kapyong, Canada's Pivotal Battle in the Korean War." Bjarnason was a television news and documentary reporter for The National at the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation for over 35 years, He specialized in military history and has worked on documentaries from the Little Bighorn to the Falklands. He now lives in Toronto and can be reached at: danbjarnason@gmail.com
This entry was posted in Canadian Army, korean war, military history, PPCLI and tagged , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

10 Responses to U.S. Presidential Unit Citations: the Canadian Heroes

  1. Gregory Chrysler says:

    Hi. I was wondering who exactly is entitled to wear a US presidential citation. Specifically, the one awarded to the 2nd Battalion Princess Patricia’s for the Battle of Kapyong. My father was at the Battle of Kapyong, and gets upset when he sees other veterans with it on despite not being at the battle. They have claimed all Korean veterans can wear the citation regardless. My dad has been going on this for years, so I’m hoping to shed some light on the issue.

    • My understanding is that anyone serving in 2PPCLI can wear the blue shoulder flash on his / her uniform. But just because they were in the Korean War does not entitle them to wear it. They have to have been in the 2nd btln then, or be in it now. Hope that’s helpful.

  2. Don Taylor says:

    Several young men from my home town (Owen Sound Ontario) served with the 2nd PPCLI in Korea

  3. Ian R Kinnear says:

    My Dad served with the us 36 infantry as a Canadian officer I have since found out that the us 36 infantry recived a unit citation . My question is because my served for a time with this unit would he have been intitled to this award

  4. peter says:

    I have a piece of light blue cloth 5×2 inches with the name of ‘KOREA’ in silver bullion on a dark blue map of Korea, I was told it related to the battle of Kapyong and the U.S. citation to the PPCLI, can anyone enlighten me on this ??, I am in Windsor Ontario and my phone number is 519 250 6933

  5. a gray says:

    The statement, “Ottawa refused to allow 2PPCLI to accept the citation”, surprises me. Could you elaborate on that as to why? It seems such an odd thing since countries have long given each other’s troops medals..

  6. gpcox says:

    I received your link to The Guardian and saw those great pics, but no matter how I copied to use the link – I couldn’t get it to work. That is probably fault on my end. I used to put a disclaimer on my sites warning people that if they email me, it more and likely will go to spam and be deleted. I usually suggest that any added info be sent to the comment section on the post to avoid any doubt and everyone else can see it. Sorry you went to all that effort for me, I was looking forward to using it.

  7. gpcox says:

    I was thrilled to discover the story of that patch while I was researching Korea. The PPCLI is a remarkable unit and thankfully still exists.
    [off-topic – Thank you for the link to the guardian article, it will, most definitely be included in my post along with a link to this site that I so enjoy following.]

  8. Rosh says:

    I’m proud to be Canadian in Korea! Thank you for educating me about this our past.

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